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GALLUP/KNIGHT FOUNDATION SURVEY

Free Expression on Campus: What College Students Think about First Amendment Issues

The downloadable data, data analyst codebook, and FAQ for the Gallup/Knight Foundation Free Expression on Campus: What College Students Think about First Amendment Issues appear below. HxA is honored to help bring this important data set to social and behavioral scientists who are well-equipped to reveal its insights and to discuss its implications.

These materials are available, free of charge, to anyone wishing to analyze the data. No additional permission is needed. Analysts will want to read both the FAQ and the data analyst code book for information about recoded variables and other helpful tips.

Free Expression on Campus: What College Students Think about First Amendment Issues is a Gallup/Knight Foundation Survey and was conducted with support from the American Council on Education, the Charles Koch Foundation, and the Stanton Foundation.

Supporting Resources

  • Codebook
  • FAQ
  • If you would like to suggest improvements to existing items or suggest new items for
    inclusion in future surveys, please do so here.
  • Heterodox Academy is partnering with Vishal Singh to create an interactive data
    visualization interface to enable complex statistical and visual analysis of this data set. The interface will be made available on this website when it is ready (likely January 2019).

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

If you do not find the answer to your question here, please reach out to us at data@heterodoxacademy.org. As analysts submit questions, we will further develop this list of frequently asked questions.

ANALYZE THE DATA

DO I NEED PERMISSION TO ANALYZE THESE DATA OR TO PRESENT OR PUBLISH THE RESULTS OF MY ANALYSIS?

No, you do not need permission. Please do disseminate the results of your analysis. For Blogs, Twitter, etc., be sure to link to the Gallup/Knight Foundation Report. The URL is: https://kf-site-production.s3.amazonaws.com/publications/pdfs/000/000/248/original/Knight_Foundation_Free_Expression_on_Campus_2017.pdf. For peer-reviewed publications, be sure to cite the data source (see below). While not re-quired, we would welcome receipt of your reports at data@heterodoxacademy.org.

MAY I PRESENT OR PUBLISH THE RESULTS OF MY ANALYSIS?

Absolutely! For Blogs, Twitter, etc., be sure to link to the Gallup/Knight Foundation Report.
The URL is: https://kf-site-production.s3.amazonaws.com/publications/pdfs/000/000/248/original/Knight_Foundation_Free_Expression_on_Campus_2017.pdf.  For peer-reviewed publications, be sure to cite the data source (see below).

WHAT IS THE CORRECT CITATION FOR THIS DATA SET?

Gallup/Knight Foundation (2018). Free Expression on Campus: What College Students Think
about First Amendment Issues. Gallup America Inc. Retrieved from: https://heterodoxacademy.org/gallup-knight-foundation-study/

MAY I FURTHER RECODE VARIABLES IN THE DATASET?

You may engage these data however you see fit. However, please be sure any reports include a full articulation of data modifications so that others seeking to replicate or build upon your analysis will be able to do meaningfully. You can see here for a sample.

HOW WERE THE ITEMS THAT COMPRISE THE FREE SPEECH INDEX SELECTED?

The Stanton Foundation constructed a Free Speech Index to capture an individual’s overall attitude towards free speech and expression. This aggregate index was created from a subset of 15 survey items, judged by The Stanton Foundation and First Amendment scholars it consulted with as meeting the following criteria:

  • They were precisely worded and focused on free speech and expression; and,
  • They directly assessed attitudes towards genuine First Amendment/free speech issues,
    for example:

    • Do you think colleges should or should not be able to establish policies that restrict
      each of the following types of speech or expression on campus?
      • Using slurs/other language that is intentionally offensive to certain groups.
      • Expressing political viewpoints that are upsetting or offensive to certain
      groups.
    • Do you think each of the following actions that could be taken by college students
      are always acceptable, sometimes acceptable or never acceptable?
      • Shouting down speakers or trying to prevent them from talking.
      • Using violence to stop a speech, protest, or rally.